A Comparison of Richness, Diversity and Antibacterial Producing Capacity of Endophytic Fungi of Cyperus iria from Three Geographical Locations in Sri Lanka

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dc.contributor.author Jayasundara, J.M.N.M.
dc.contributor.author Ratnweera, P.B.
dc.contributor.author de Silva, E.D.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-04-06T05:28:55Z
dc.date.available 2019-04-06T05:28:55Z
dc.date.issued 2019-02
dc.identifier.isbn 9789550481255
dc.identifier.uri http://www.erepo.lib.uwu.ac.lk/bitstream/handle/123456789/99/59.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
dc.description.abstract Endophytic fungi living inside healthy tissues of plants are a well-established source of various biologically active secondary metabolites. Although sedges are known to harbor numerous endophytic fungi, endophytes inhabiting sedges of the family Cyperaceae have been sparsely investigated. Therefore, the current study was designed to investigate the endophytic fungal richness, diversity and the antibacterial producing capacity, of the Cyperus iria from three geographically distinct locations in Sri Lanka. Endophytic fungi were isolated from surface sterilized aerial and root segments of healthy C. iria collected from Badulla, Matale and Colombo Districts and crude ethyl acetate fungal extracts were tested for antibacterial activity against four selected bacteria; Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli at 400 μg/disc concentration using agar disc diffusion method where Gentamycin (10 μg/disc) and methanol were used as the positive and negative controls, respectively. Isolated endophytic fungi were identified using molecular techniques. Endophytic fungal richness of C. iria from the three locations namely Badulla, Matale and Colombo were 17, 34 and 23 respectively and 12, 23 and 13 fungi were isolated from aerial parts while 05, 11 and 10 fungi were isolated from root segments. Accordingly, more fungi were isolated from aerial parts than from roots. Among the isolated fungi Fusarium, Curvularia, Trichoderma, Penicillium species were the most abundant. With respect to antibacterial activity, all endophytic fungi isolated from Badulla plants, 85 % from Matale plants and 82 % from Colombo plants showed activity against at least one bacterium tested. Also irrespective of the location of the plant most fungal extracts showed activity against the Gram positive than the Gram negative bacteria. In conclusion, endophytic fungi of C. iria from all three locations showed a high fungal richness and a majority showed antibacterial activity. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject Bioprocess Technology en_US
dc.subject Biotechnology en_US
dc.subject Bio Chemicals Engineering en_US
dc.title A Comparison of Richness, Diversity and Antibacterial Producing Capacity of Endophytic Fungi of Cyperus iria from Three Geographical Locations in Sri Lanka en_US
dc.title.alternative International Research Conference 2019 en_US
dc.type Other en_US

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