Surface Modification of Cellulose Micro Fibrils Extracted from Banana Pseudo-Stem Using Bis-[3-(triethoxysilyl) propyl] tetrasulfide

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dc.contributor.author Bandara, T.A.R.W.M.M.C.G.
dc.contributor.author Wijesinghe, H.G.I.M.
dc.contributor.author Alakolanga, A.G.A.W.
dc.contributor.author Senavirathna, A.M.W.K.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-04-06T05:19:00Z
dc.date.available 2019-04-06T05:19:00Z
dc.date.issued 2019-02
dc.identifier.isbn 9789550481255
dc.identifier.uri http://www.erepo.lib.uwu.ac.lk/bitstream/handle/123456789/97/57.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
dc.description.abstract Cellulose as the most abundant biomolecule on the earth, it is on investigations to be used in several applications as a remedy for the exploitation of non-renewable resources and mismanagement of agro-industrial wastes. Banana (Musa sapientum) fibre is a promising source of cellulose which can be derived after harvesting while the majority of the pseudostems are used as a low-cost feedstock for the preparation of compost. However, the cellulose itself is not compatible with most of the materials especially, with non-polar matrices. Therefore, the extracted cellulose has to be surface modified. In this study, micro-fibrillated cellulose was prepared following an alkali treatment coupled with highpressure defibrillation and acid treatments on fibre extracted from pseudo-stem. The resulted micro-fibrillated cellulose was characterized using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and cellulose structure was confirmed. XRD studies showed 69% crystallinity of micro-fibrillated cellulose. The particle size shows a bimodal distribution where approximately 21% of the sample has an average size of 110 nm and the rest is in averaged 795 nm. The prepared micro-fibrillated cellulose was surface modified using Bis-[3-(triethoxysilyl) propyl] tetrasulfide (TESPT) following rigorous solvent extractions with ethanol and acetone through cellulose membrane. With the surface modification, the percentage crystallinity has increased up to 77.8%. Moreover, the surface modification was confirmed by the results of FTIR spectroscopy showing the stretching vibration of Si-O-C bond at 1031 cm-1 indicating that the surface modification was successful. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject Bioprocess Technology en_US
dc.subject Biotechnology en_US
dc.subject Bio Chemicals Engineering en_US
dc.title Surface Modification of Cellulose Micro Fibrils Extracted from Banana Pseudo-Stem Using Bis-[3-(triethoxysilyl) propyl] tetrasulfide en_US
dc.title.alternative International Research Conference 2019 en_US
dc.type Other en_US


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