Effect of Residual Diammonium Hydrogen Phosphate Content on Properties of Natural Rubber Centrifuged Latex

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dc.contributor.author Siriwardhana, M.W.H.N.M.
dc.contributor.author Attanayake, A.
dc.contributor.author Lochana, E.A.L.
dc.contributor.author Senevirathna, A.M.W.K.
dc.date.accessioned 2022-10-06T09:16:49Z
dc.date.available 2022-10-06T09:16:49Z
dc.date.issued 2021
dc.identifier.isbn 978-624-5856-04-6
dc.identifier.uri http://www.erepo.lib.uwu.ac.lk/bitstream/handle/123456789/9759/Page%20323%20-%20IRCUWU2021%20-%20572%20-%20M.W.H.N.M.%20Siriwardhana%20-%20Effect%20of%20Residual%20Diammonium%20Hydrogen%20Phosphate%20Content%20on%20Properties%20of%20Natural%20Rubber%20Centrifuged%20Latex.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
dc.description.abstract Natural rubber particle, a polyisoprene core is surrounded by a shell of non-rubber components, proteins and phospholipids. Natural PO43- are added to ammonia preserved latex due to the hydrolysis of phospholipid layer around the rubber particle. Although this process contributes to the stability of the latex this could produce a waste sludge; a precipitate of magnesium with phosphate. In centrifuged latex (CL) manufacturing process PO43- are added as diammonium hydrogen phosphate (DAHP) before centrifugation in order to remove residual Mg2+ present in field latex to the level of 80-100 ppm. In most cases, added DAHP will leave excess PO43- in latex as most manufacturers added it without estimating the remaining Mg2+ present in latex. It results in a high amount of PO43- in latex as a considerable amount of PO43- are released from the natural process of hydrolysis with storage time. This study aimed to determine the variation of residual PO43- content of CL with storage time and its ultimate effect on latex property development. A series of centrifuged latex samples were prepared by adding 0 g (control sample), 3 g, 6 g, 9 g, 12 g, and 15 g of 15% DAHP. Changes of the latex characteristics such as mechanical (MST) and chemical stability time (CST), PO43- and Mg2+ concentration, viscosity were determined with time. All the testing were carried out according to ISO procedures. High ammonia preserved CL showed a considerable amount of natural PO43- of about 300-200 ppm with storage time. The PO43- content of latex is not a stable amount and showed several fluctuations with time due to several chemical reactions within the latex sample. The excess amount of PO43- in the latex leads to a decrease in viscosity and stability of latex due to colloidal destabilization. The control sample showed the highest MST (315 seconds) and CST (97 seconds) with storage time than other samples revealing that there is no need for the addition of DAHP if the Mg2+ content of field latex is below 100 ppm in manufacturing CL. Keywords: Latex; Diammonium; Phosphate; Magnesium; Destabilization; Colloidal en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject Mineral Sciences en_US
dc.subject Materials Sciences en_US
dc.subject Natural Rubber en_US
dc.subject Export Agriculture en_US
dc.title Effect of Residual Diammonium Hydrogen Phosphate Content on Properties of Natural Rubber Centrifuged Latex en_US
dc.title.alternative International Research Conference 2021 en_US
dc.type Other en_US

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