Comparative Study of Catalytic Reduction of Methylene Blue by Green Synthesized Copper Nanoparticles Using Syzygium cumini Leaves Extract

Show simple item record Sivirathne, S.M.S.W. Senevirathne, S.A. Jayaratna, N.B. 2022-10-06T06:37:41Z 2022-10-06T06:37:41Z 2021
dc.identifier.isbn 978-624-5856-04-6
dc.description.abstract Green synthesis using plant extracts is considered as an efficient, eco-friendly and inexpensive approach in metal nanoparticle synthesis. Copper nanoparticles are well known as catalysts in many organic reactions. The present study focuses on the green synthesis of heat and sunlight-induced copper nanoparticles using Syzygium cumini leaves aqueous extract as the source of reducing and capping agents. Synthesized nanoparticles were used to investigate and compare the catalytic effectiveness in the reduction reaction of Methylene Blue. The leaves extract was prepared by treating the leaves with distilled water at 50 °C for 1 hour. Copper nanoparticles were synthesized by mixing a known copper sulphate solution with leaves extract at a volume ratio of 5:3 followed by either heating (4 hours at 50 °C) or irradiating the mixture to sunlight for 4 hours. The synthesis of copper nanoparticles was initially recognized by the colour change of the extract solutions from pale yellow to dark brown. The formation of heat and sunlight derived copper nanoparticles were confirmed by UV-Visible peak maxima at 335 nm and 333 nm, respectively. Peak positions of Fourier transform infrared spectra of synthesized copper nanoparticles have revealed the activity of biomolecules as reducing and capping agents. Catalytic activities of synthesized copper nanoparticles were investigated using the reduction reaction of aqueous Methylene blue to Leucomethylene blue in the presence of excess NaBH4 as a model reaction. The reaction progress was monitored by UV– Visible spectrophotometry at room temperature. The apparent rate constants of the reaction in the presence of heat and sunlight derived copper nanoparticle catalysts were 51.1×10-3 min-1 and 32.6×10-3 min-1 respectively. The apparent rate constant of the reaction in the absence of copper nanoparticle catalyst was 8.1×10-3 min-1. The study confirms the catalytic activity of Syzygium cumini leaves derived copper nanoparticles while heat-induced copper nanoparticles showed 56% greater catalytic activity compared to sunlight-induced copper nanoparticles. Further characterization of nanoparticles and optimization of the biosynthesis parameters are needed to be performed. Keywords: Green synthesis; Dye degradation; Sunlight irradiation; Sustainability en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject Mineral Sciences en_US
dc.subject Materials Sciences en_US
dc.subject Geochemistry en_US
dc.subject Copper Nanoparticles en_US
dc.subject Geochemical en_US
dc.title Comparative Study of Catalytic Reduction of Methylene Blue by Green Synthesized Copper Nanoparticles Using Syzygium cumini Leaves Extract en_US
dc.title.alternative International Research Conference 2021 en_US
dc.type Other en_US

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