Prediction of Crop Yield for Rice, Tea and Sugarcane in Sri Lanka using Sunspot Number

Show simple item record Rajakulathunga, R.K.C.S. Bulathsinghala, A.T. Nilmini, K.A.C. Wijesekera, J.V. Somarathna, A.P.H. Hansani, V.A.C. Udani, H.R.S. Perera, B.K.S. Senarath, W.C.S. Ranasinghe, D.A.P.D.P. 2022-09-16T06:07:45Z 2022-09-16T06:07:45Z 2021
dc.identifier.isbn 978-624-5856-04-6
dc.description.abstract In this research, the relation of crop yields to sunspot number for tea, rice and sugarcane was studied in Sri Lanka located between latitudes 50 55⸍ N and 90 51⸍ N and longitude 790 41⸍ E and 810 53⸍ E. Parametric analysis was carried out to obtain historical coefficients for solar activity index and crop yield data, using observed yields with time, sunspot number, and cultivated area as input variables. Data on the total cultivated area (ha) with yield (hg ha-1) of rice, tea and sugarcane from 1961 to 2016 were statistically analyzed. Data were obtained from Food and Agricultural Organization, Statistics Division (FAOSTAT) and online data on yearly mean total sunspot number was retrieved from World Data Center – Sunspots Index and Long term Solar Observations (WDC - SILSO). To predict crop yield, a multiple linear regression model was used which best described the relationship between sunspot number and crop yield variables using Minitab Software. The coefficient of variation depicts the relative deviation in yields of the various crops, with sugarcane yields being the highest (29.4%) and rice yields being the lowest (23.7%). During periods of maximum solar activity in the years 1968, 1989, and 2000, yields for tea and sugarcane decreased significantly while yields for rice indicated an increment. Besides, yields for tea and sugarcane increased significantly and yields for rice decreased during periods of minimum solar activity in the years 1976, 1996, and 2008. The model explained 91.93% of yield variance for rice and 82.16% of yield variance for tea also 51.51% of yield variance for sugarcane. This overall study indicates that there is a considerable contribution to yield from SSN and the pattern of yield that varies with SSN can also be identified. Keywords: Crop yield prediction; Multiple linear regression; Solar activity; Sunspot number en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject Environment Science en_US
dc.subject Crop Production en_US
dc.subject Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Tea Industry en_US
dc.title Prediction of Crop Yield for Rice, Tea and Sugarcane in Sri Lanka using Sunspot Number en_US
dc.title.alternative International Research Conference 2021 en_US
dc.type Other en_US

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