Studies on copra drying for white coconut oil production

Show simple item record Wijedasa, N. K. W. Chandrasena, G. Bandara, S. M. I. P. G. Silva, S. 2022-02-11T07:08:21Z 2022-02-11T07:08:21Z 2015
dc.identifier.isbn 9789550481088
dc.description.abstract Currently, copra is produced at a relatively small scale using a traditional process which involves a high degree of manual labour. Copra production relatively takes longer time to dry and it is a time consuming process. Sri Lanka, as a copra exporter in the world, it is needed to find out new copra production methods, which give relatively high quality copra in order to produce high quality coconut oil. Therefore it is needed to conduct studies on higher scale production process which is more cost-effective than the current process, and which will give a consistently high quality milling copra. This is to evaluate the effect of de-shelling on the copra drying process compared to previously conducted trials. Therefore de-shelled coconut kernel is to dry in an indirect heated copra dryer in Pannala area which is belong to Adamjee Lukmanjee & Sons (Pvt) Ltd and to obtain good quality product and evaluating the product via standard quality parameters. Methodology Drying experiments were carried out at Adamjee Lukmanjee & Sons (Pvt) Ltd. laboratory and the hot air dryer located at the Pannala area which belongs to Adamjee Lukmanjee & Sons (Pvt) Ltd. The research work was done as two parts. First laboratory scale experiment was done to produce de-shelled copra and the next step was to do a trial run in large scale. In the current study, coconut nuts were de-shelled and separated into three sizes as the cup size, half of the cup and quarter of the cup as three replicates of each treatment. Normal cup size copra was used as the reference. Drying time which takes to remove moisture content upto 6% from the coconut kernel was recorded in each treatment. Then quality parameters of each treatment were evaluated to obtain good quality copra product through the process of drying the de-shelled coconut nuts. These properties such as: Total plate count (TPC), Yeast and mould (Y&M) and Free fatty acid (FFA) content of de-shelled copra was measured by keeping one month period of time under typical storage facilities. Free Fatty Acid levels in each replicates were measured for chemical analysis. Trial was conducted using 10,000 coconut nuts to prepare de-shelled copra. All experimental data with three replicates were analysed with one way ANOVA using Minitab 16 statistical software. All comparisons were based on a 95% confidence interval. Mean comparison was done using Tukey test. Results and Discussion According to the drying time evaluation, there is a significant difference (P < 0.05) with the control sample. Cup copra with the shell gives the highest time to dry out the kernel to 6 % moisture. Free fatty acid content in the de-shelled copra is higher than the reference. This can be due do the removal of the shell. But FFA is at the required level of standard milling copra used to make oil. Total plate count is lower in control treatment. It can be noted that highest TPC resulted in the cup copra without shell. This can be due to the external factors affect during the en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Export Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Crop Production en_US
dc.subject Crop Production Technology en_US
dc.subject Coconut Oil Production en_US
dc.title Studies on copra drying for white coconut oil production en_US
dc.title.alternative Research Symposium 2015 en_US
dc.type Other en_US

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