Firm level entrepreneurship and firm performance: with special reference to the hotel industry in Sri Lanka

Show simple item record Katugampala, S.D. Weerakoon, W.M.P.G.C. 2022-02-01T07:34:19Z 2022-02-01T07:34:19Z 2015
dc.identifier.isbn 9789550481088
dc.description.abstract According to the central bank of Sri Lanka, country has been experiencing a higher economic growth over the past few years and is still growing at a healthy rate due to improvements of few key performing industries such as hotel industry and such industries need to be more entrepreneurial at the firm level and have strong strategic outlook to face competition and rapid growth. Firm level entrepreneurship (FLE) has been defined using various terminologies such as strategic posture, corporate entrepreneurship (CE) and entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and this term measures the extent to which a firm is entrepreneurial (Davis, 2007). EO and CE are two commonly used constructs of FLE (Hosseini et al., 2012).EO includes the entrepreneurial tendency of top management of a firm, (Hosseini et al., 2012)and CE is identified as actual entrepreneurial actions of the firm (Mokaya, 2012). Both CE and EO lead to have higher levels of firm performance (FP) Hosseini et al., (2012). However, as to Hosseini et al, (2012) and Fis and Cetindamar (2009) FLE it is not only the entrepreneurial intensity of the top management personals but also the actual entrepreneurial actions undertaken by the firm although many researches had related either EO or CE with FP in their researches. Thus, it seems that conceptualizing FLE by using either EO or CE creates a blind picture of entrepreneurship phenomenon. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to assess the level of FLE, EO and CE of the firms in the Sri Lankan hotel sector to identify the relationship between FLE and FP. Thus, EO was conceptualized as innovativeness, risk taking, proactiveness, competitive aggressiveness and autonomy (Lumpkin & Dess, 1996) and CE was conceptualized as management support, work discretion, rewards, time availability and organizational boundary (Kuratko et al.,2007). Moreover, FP was measured in terms of the perceptual measurements on market share growth, ROI growth, sales growth and cash flow growth. Methodology The population of this study was Colombo district hotels those have got registered under Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority (SLTDA) and that included 40. However, only 37 firms responded making the response rate of 92.5 percent. Data was collected by using a structured questionnaire and CE was measured by using Corporate Entrepreneurship Assessment Instrument - CEAI (Kuratko et al., 1990) and EO was measured by using self-developed questionnaire. The reliability of questionnaire was measured by using Cronbach’s Alpha and the results confirmed that all the constructs were well above the acceptable level of 0.7 and hence executed for data collection. In assessing the level of EO and CE of the firms, mean, standard deviation and percentages were used while in order to identify the relationship between EO & CE and FP, a multiple linear regression was employed and can be specified as: FP = β0 + β1 EO+β2CE +ε. Results and discussion The average levels of CE and EO were 3.607 and 4.11 respectively confirming a higher level of EO with compared to CE. However, the difference standard deviation further evident that it is a slight difference. Nevertheless, as to the Table 1, majority of the firms (60%) was at the high level of CE while 86% of the firms were demonstrating a high level of EO. Interestingly, a negligible level of firms was at the low level of CE (3%) and EO (Nill) implying that the Colombo District hotels are seemingly maintaining a fair level of high CE and EO level. The statistically significant (P<0.01) strong positive correlation values of CE (0.715) and EO (0.688) confirmed that there is a positive association between CE & EO and FP. Regression assumptions of Normality, Homoscedasticity (Pattern-less scatter), Multicolinearity (Table 2-c) and Auto-correlation (Table 2-a) were checked and got confirmed that data meet all the blue properties. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject Management en_US
dc.subject Entrepreneurship and management en_US
dc.subject Entrepreneurship en_US
dc.subject Hotel Industry en_US
dc.subject Hotel Management en_US
dc.subject Hospitality, Tourism and Events Management en_US
dc.title Firm level entrepreneurship and firm performance: with special reference to the hotel industry in Sri Lanka en_US
dc.title.alternative Research Symposium 2015 en_US
dc.type Other en_US

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