In vitro antifungal activity of selected medicinal plant extracts against selected postharvest pathogens in fruits and vegetables

Show simple item record Samarasinghe, S. P. R. R. Alakolanga, A. G. A. W. Wickramaarachchi, W. A. R. T. Kumar, N. S. Jayasinghe, U. L. B. 2022-01-28T06:10:12Z 2022-01-28T06:10:12Z 2015
dc.identifier.isbn 9789550481088
dc.description.abstract Fungal diseases are a major problem occurred in fruit and vegetable cultivations and during post-harvest life of fruits and vegetables. Application of systemic fungicides is the most common practice for commercial control of most of the post-harvest pathogens. Although synthetic fungicides have provided effective control of major postharvest diseases, their application may be harmful to human health and the environment and they become ineffective after prolonged use (Awoitet al, 2013).There are some natural plant products with antifungal activity against various fungal groups. Those natural compounds can be used to control the post- harvest fruit and vegetable pathogens in environmental friendly manner(Pasteret al., 1995). The current study was conducted to determine the antifungal activity of the leaves of Azadirachtaindica(Neem) and Calendula officinalisLinn(Marigold) and the peel of the fruit of Myristicafragrans(Nutmeg) against post-harvest disease causing Fusariumoxysporum,Rhizoctonia Trichodermaspp. This experiment was conducted at the laboratories of Natural Products Chemistry division of the Institute of Fundamental Studies (IFS), Kandy. The selected plant materialswere collected from the home gardens in Kandy. Plant materials were cleaned well under running tap water and air dried. The dried plant materials were crushed. Each plant powder (50 g) was extracted with hexane,ethyl acetate, methanol and distilled water respectively in a sequential process and the evaporation of solvent using rotary evaporator finished 12 extracts.The fungal cultures were obtained from Pathology Division of Horticultural Crops Research and Development Institute (HORDI), Gannoruwa, which were isolated from fruits and vegetables. The antifungal assay was conducted in 9cm diameter petri dishes. The extracts were dissolved in 10% Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) to prepare 5000 ppm concentration of each extractand the 10% DMSO without plant extracts was used as the negative control. The poisoned food technique (Chutiaet al., 2009) was used to test for the antifungal activity. Plant extracts were mixed with the Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) medium and poured to the petri dishes. The test fungal groups were inoculated with 8 mm diameter mycelial disc from 7- 10 daysold cultures. The plates were incubated at room temperature and colony diameter was measured after three days. This experiment was conducted by using Two Factor Factorial in Complete Randomized Design and data analysis was done by using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) in General Linear Model. The mean comparison was done by using Tucky pairwise comparison method at significance level of 5% (α = 0.05) in Minitab 17 software. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Animal Sciences en_US
dc.subject Export Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Vegetable Cultivation en_US
dc.subject Fruit Cultivation en_US
dc.title In vitro antifungal activity of selected medicinal plant extracts against selected postharvest pathogens in fruits and vegetables en_US
dc.title.alternative Research Symposium 2015 en_US
dc.type Other en_US

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