Detection and Confirmation of Phytoplasma Disease in Different Crop Species by Using Molecular Technology

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dc.contributor.author Amarasinghe, A.A.I.M.
dc.contributor.author Alwis, L.M.H.R.
dc.contributor.author Silva, P.D.P.M.D.
dc.contributor.author Basnayake, B.M.V.S.
dc.contributor.author Tennakoon, T.M.N.D.
dc.contributor.author Nandasena, K.D.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-12-14T06:06:18Z
dc.date.available 2021-12-14T06:06:18Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.isbn 9789550481095
dc.identifier.uri http://www.erepo.lib.uwu.ac.lk/bitstream/handle/123456789/7988/8-2016-Detection%20and%20Confirmation%20of%20Phytoplasma%20Disease%20in%20Different%20Crop%20Spe.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
dc.description.abstract Phytoplasma disease is caused by plant pathogenic Phytoplasmas, which are cell wall less bacteria that causes devastating losses in yield and quality of crop production in Sri Lanka. Effective control is required to minimize the spread ofthe disease through identification of the organism. Detection and confirmation of phytoplasma diseases in infected crop species by using molecular technology required to gain rapid accurate results in identification to compete with increment of virulence ofthe pathogens. However, there are least number of research conducted on phytoplasma diseases in Sri Lankan context. Hence, this study was conducted as a molecular approach for phytoplasma detection, identification and confirmation. The Polymerase Chain Reaction based method was used with universal primers for 16S rRNA gene to detect phytoplasma in fifty different suspected crop species and the amplified DNA fragments in 557 by were visualized on 2 % agarose gel. Thirty-six crop species gave positive results with producing DNA fragment in 557 by size. For accurate detection of phytoplasma caused symptoms in Sapota (Manilkara zapota) and Petunia (Petunia sp.) two oligonucleotide primers were designed, using sequenced phytoplasma DNA extracted from infected Sapota and Petunia plants. Those designed primers were characterized, optimized and primer specificity was analysed. Primers Mx for Sapota is forward -5'- GCCAGGCAGTCCACTTATCA-3' and reverse 5'- GTGCACGCCCTAAACGAATC-3'. The length of the primer was 20 bases and detectable band in gel profile was 88 bp. with three unstable hairpin loops. Primer Mx best annealing temperature was 50 and showed 90 % specificity. Primers Px for petunia is forward sequence '5-CGGCTTGGCTACCCTTTGTA-3' and reverse sequence 5' - TACCTGGCCTTGACATGCT-3. The length of the primer was 20 bases and detectable band in gel profile was 288 bp. with eight unstable hairpin loops. Primer Mx best annealing temperature was 45 and showed 30 % specificity. Mx and Px primers can be used for specific, sensitive detection of phytoplasma infect to Sapota (Manilkara zapota) and Petunia (Petunia sp.) plant species. Key words: Phytoplasma, Polymerase chain reaction, Primers, Gene sequencing, Template DNA en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject Plant en_US
dc.subject Molecular Biology en_US
dc.subject Molecular Technology en_US
dc.subject Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Crop Production en_US
dc.title Detection and Confirmation of Phytoplasma Disease in Different Crop Species by Using Molecular Technology en_US
dc.title.alternative Research Symposium 2016 en_US
dc.type Other en_US


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