Optimization of a Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) Extraction Protocol for Viruses in Clinical Samples for Disease Diagnosis

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dc.contributor.author Kumar, S.A.
dc.contributor.author Gunathilaka, P.A.D.H.N.
dc.contributor.author Rodrigo, W.W.P.
dc.contributor.author Athapaththu, A.M.M.H.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-12-14T04:14:14Z
dc.date.available 2021-12-14T04:14:14Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.isbn 9789550481095
dc.identifier.uri http://www.erepo.lib.uwu.ac.lk/bitstream/handle/123456789/7982/2-2016-%20Optimization%20of%20a%20Ribonucleic%20Acid%20%28RNA%29%20Extraction%20Protocol.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
dc.description.abstract Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule. It is implicated in coding and gene expression. Some medically important organisms such as viruses have only RNAs as their inherent material. To detect the viral diseases using molecular biological methods, it needs extraction of RNA from body fluids. There are several methods of RNA extraction, which require costly reagents and kits. Hence, the objective of this study was to optimize a low cost, in-house protocol for RNA extraction of viruses in clinical samples in order to facilitate disease diagnosis. Clinically confirmed blood samples, which were positive for Dengue Virus by NS1 antigen test, were taken for optimization of the two protocols. Two different RNA extraction protocols were used for the study to identify the most appropriate and reliable method with high efficiency. Trizol reagent, which was prepared in house was used in both protocols. Extracted RNA from both the protocols were quantified at 260 nm using a spectrophotometer. The RNA amount quantified from the spectrophotometer showed a result of 64 and 72 ng/ul from first and second protocols, respectively. In the first protocol, all the procedures were undertaken at room temperature (27-35 °C) but generally RNA is not stable at the room temperature. Therefore, RNA might have degraded due to lack of optimum conditions during the incubation, centrifugation and storage periods. In addition, if the RNA pellets were air dried completely, it becomes insoluble in RNase free water. Therefore, extracted RNA might not have been re-suspended completely in the solution. Those identified drawbacks were adjusted in the second protocol. Further, incubation temperature and time period (4 °C and 30 minutes) and centrifugation time (15 minutes), were modified to achieve stabilization, complete precipitation of RNA molecules and to prevent degradation by RNases. According to the above discussed facts, this study reveals that the second protocol is more suitable for RNA extraction ofviruses in clinical samples. Keywords: Ribonucleic Acid (RNA), Virus, Extraction en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject Biotechnology en_US
dc.subject Animal Sciences en_US
dc.subject Virus en_US
dc.title Optimization of a Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) Extraction Protocol for Viruses in Clinical Samples for Disease Diagnosis en_US
dc.title.alternative Research Symposium 2016 en_US
dc.type Other en_US

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