PREVALENCE OF PARASITIC Sacculina SPECIES ON BLUE SWIMMING CRAB (Portunus pelagicus) IN WATERS AROUND MANNAR, JAFFNA AND TRINCOMALEE DISTRICTS

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dc.contributor.author JAYANTHA, A.M.N.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-03-31T09:55:35Z
dc.date.available 2021-03-31T09:55:35Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.other UWU/AQT/12/0016
dc.identifier.uri http://www.erepo.lib.uwu.ac.lk/bitstream/handle/123456789/6339/UWULD%20AQT%2012%200016-08052019155426.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
dc.description.abstract Blue Swimming Crab (P. pelagicus) is an ecologically and commercially important species which is mainly distributed from northwest to northeast coasts of Sri Lanka. Considerable infection of parasitic Sacculina species on the P. pelagicus resource is recorded. Sacculina is a Rhizocephalan parasite of order Cirripedia. It uses Brachyuran crabs including P. pelagicus as a host in their parasitic life cycle causing; cessation of moulting and mating, modification of secondary sexual characteristics and infertility. The objectives of the present study are to study the prevalence of Sacculina infection around the waters of Mannar, Jaffna and Trincomalee districts, studying the locality and topography effect on the Sacculina infection and finding out the relationship between the infection and the size of crabs. Data collection was carried out at seven sites; Pesalai, Paleimune and Illupakadavai of Mannar district, Mandathive of Jaffna district and Kokkilai, Irakkandi and Upparu of Trincomalee district. P. pelagicus samples were randomly collected from fishing boats at the landing sites. Carapace length and width and length and width of claws of each sample were measured using a vernier caliper. Samples were checked for infection by means of externa and the scar. There was no sign of parasitic infection in male samples of all sizes and all infected samples were females. Chi square value for the relationship between the size and the infection was 29.06 (P<0.001) indicating that there is a relationship between the size and the infection. Zero parasitic infection in males supports the sex reversal of infected males suggested in previous studies. Highest infection was observed among crabs of 99 mm to 138 mm carapace width. The infected crabs showed stunting which may be due to absorption of nourishment by the parasite. High prevalence (11.02%) of parasitic infection was observed in calm, sheltered and shallow waters of Palk Bay while zero prevalence was observed in comparatively rough eastern and north eastern waters. Keywords: Crab, Rhizocephala, Occurrence en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries ;UWU/AQT/12/0016
dc.subject Aquatic Resources Technology Degree Programme ( AQT) en_US
dc.title PREVALENCE OF PARASITIC Sacculina SPECIES ON BLUE SWIMMING CRAB (Portunus pelagicus) IN WATERS AROUND MANNAR, JAFFNA AND TRINCOMALEE DISTRICTS en_US
dc.title.alternative Research Article – AQT 2016 en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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