Synthesis of Silver - Graphite Composite via Ultrasonication Associated Chemical Reduction and Study of its Antibacterial Properties

Show simple item record Gamlath, J.G.V.I. Swarnamali, V.M. R. Amaraweera, T.H.N.G. Premathilake, M.M.S.N. Wijayasinghe, H.W.M.A.C. Balasooriya, N. W. B. 2021-02-25T04:46:04Z 2021-02-25T04:46:04Z 2020
dc.identifier.isbn 9789550481293
dc.description.abstract Graphene oxide is widely used to produce an antibacterial silver composite, but mostly required toxic chemicals for production and they are comparatively expensive. The present study was focused on synthesizing cost-effective less hazardous antibacterial composite using vein graphite and silver. Silver graphite composites can be made using various methodologies and those methods can affect the antibacterial property. Therefore, in this study, silver graphite composite was synthesized by ultrasonication associated chemical reduction method. Sri Lankan vein graphite was purified by the patented acid leaching method, then surface modified with patented mild chemical oxidation method. The silver-graphite composite was synthesized from an AgNO3 silver precursor with a concentration of 0.00025 M, 0.001 M, 0.002 M by using tri-sodium citrate as a reducing agent. X-ray Diffractometry analysis indicated that composite only consists of silver nanoparticles and carbon in pure crystalline form. The composite was characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy. Nano-scale silver particles were seen deposited on the surface of graphite. Antibacterial efficiency of the synthesized composites was analysed using Escherichia coli and the test was carried out using the shake flask method. For positive and negative controls, modified graphite and commercial antibiotic ofloxacin were used respectively. The samples were drawn out with a one-hour time interval from 0 to 6 hours and the number of surviving colonies on Eosin Methylene Blue agar was counted after 24 hours of incubation. The removal of the Colony Forming Unit for all samples gave efficiency over 99 %. The Kruskal-Wallis test suggests that colony removal depends on the time and concentration of AgNO3 used in the synthesized composite. Therefore, this study suggested that silver-graphite composite synthesized via ultrasonication associated chemical reduction can be used for E. coli as an effective antibacterial agent. Keywords: Graphite, Silver nanoparticles, Ultrasonication, Chemical reduction, Trisodium citrate en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries ;International Research Conference
dc.subject Materials Sciences en_US
dc.subject Mineral Sciences en_US
dc.title Synthesis of Silver - Graphite Composite via Ultrasonication Associated Chemical Reduction and Study of its Antibacterial Properties en_US
dc.title.alternative International Research Conference 2020 en_US
dc.type Other en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search UWU eRepository


My Account