Removal of Fluoride from Drinking Water using Gypsum

Show simple item record Kumari, K.E.D.K.W. Attanayake, A.N.B. Udagedara, D.T. 2021-02-10T08:35:03Z 2021-02-10T08:35:03Z 2012
dc.identifier.issn 2235-9877
dc.description.abstract Excess amount of fluoride in drinking water causes detrimental health impacts such as dental and skeletal flurosis. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the maximum acceptable concentration of fluoride in drinking water is 1.5 mg/L (Darchen et al, 2010). According to Sri Lanka Standards desirable and permissible levels of fluoride is 0.6 mg/L and 1.5 mg/L respectively. In tropical countries like Sri Lanka, the lowering of the fluoride regulatory limits in drinking water is required due to high consumption of water by the people living in the regions with high natural fluoride concentrations. Therefore, excess fluoride in drinking water must be removed to the permissible level. There are several techniques available to remove excess fluoride from drinking water based on adsorption, precipitation, ion exchange and membrane separation. (Dou et al, 2012). However, most of these methods are highly specialized and cost intensive in that they cannot be implemented successfully at community level. In this research we propose to utilize gypsum, a ubiquitous mineral in nature, to mitigate excess fluoride from drinking water based on precipitating common ion effects en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries ;Research Symposium
dc.subject Mineral Resources and Technology en_US
dc.subject Water Treatment methods en_US
dc.subject Water Quality managment en_US
dc.title Removal of Fluoride from Drinking Water using Gypsum en_US
dc.title.alternative Research Symposium 2012 en_US
dc.type Other en_US

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