The Effect of Selected Sri Lankan Herbal Plant Crude Extracts Against Spodoptera frugiperda (Fall Armyworm)

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dc.contributor.author Ranaweera, M.N.
dc.contributor.author Henegamage, A.P.
dc.contributor.author Prematilake, M.M.S.N.
dc.contributor.author Peris, C.M.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-19T07:48:35Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-19T07:48:35Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.isbn 9789550481293
dc.identifier.uri http://www.erepo.lib.uwu.ac.lk/bitstream/handle/123456789/5597/proceeding_oct_08-62.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
dc.description.abstract The fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda is a recent invasive pest that has successfully established in Sri Lanka where it continues to disrupt agriculture, particularly corn production. Management of fall armyworm using agrochemicals has led to the development of resistance against many insecticides and the accumulation of toxic residues on agricultural products. Therefore, the utilization of plant extracts which are wealthy in bioactive compounds for the control fall armyworm has become a developing pattern. This study was undertaken to screen the effectiveness of Adathoda vassica, Dathura metal, and Tagetes erecta crude extracts against fall armyworm. Shade dried leaves were used for the extraction which was done by the Soxhlet method using methanol and ethyl acetate as solvents. Bioefficacy of crude extracts was studied against third instar larvae of S. frugiperda using 4000, 2000 and 1000 ppm concentrations to test the contact toxicity by topical application method, antifeedant activity by leaf disc no choice assay and repellency effect from the dual choice method. Commercially available insecticide, collagen was used as a positive control. The crude extracts from T. erecta (LD50 - 186.63µg/g) and D. metel (LD50 - 256.44µg/g) showed significantly (p < 0.05) high mortality (100%) rate within twelve hours even compared with the positive control. The results revealed that the methanolic extract of T. erecta showed the highest significant (p < 0.05) antifeedant activity (92.09%) at 4000 ppm compared with other plant extracts. All plant extracts provoked a notable decrease in feeding with the increment of their concentration. Methanolic extract of T. erecta showed the highest significant repellency (66.65%). Therefore, it can be concluded that methanolic extracts of D. metel and T. erecta have the power of damaging fall armyworm and are suitable candidates for the development of bio-insecticide for the local use. Keywords: Fall armyworm, Adathoda vassica, Dathura metel, Tagetes erecta en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries ;International Research Conference
dc.subject Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Agriculture Technology en_US
dc.subject Agriculture Engineering en_US
dc.title The Effect of Selected Sri Lankan Herbal Plant Crude Extracts Against Spodoptera frugiperda (Fall Armyworm) en_US
dc.title.alternative International Research Conference 2020 en_US
dc.type Other en_US


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