Effect of Osmotic Dehydration on Quality of Green Chili Powder

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dc.contributor.author Dissanayake, W.D.M.R.R.
dc.contributor.author Fernando, H.R.P.
dc.contributor.author Ellepola, V.P.
dc.contributor.author Wijesinghe, W.A.J.P.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-06T08:29:09Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-06T08:29:09Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.isbn 9789550481255
dc.identifier.uri http://erepo.lib.uwu.ac.lk/bitstream/handle/123456789/430/226.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
dc.description.abstract Green chili (Capsicum annuum L.) is commercially grown as a spice crop. Rapid changes in post-harvest quality and the price fluctuation are the main problems facing green chili industry in Sri Lanka. In this study, concentration of chlorophyll a, b and total chlorophyll, moisture content, water solubility, rehydration time, ascorbic acid content (2, 6-dichlorophenol-indophenol method), total phenolic content (Folin-Ciocalteau method), total antioxidant activity (DPPH method), total plate count and yeast and mold count of osmotic (5% NaCl) and non-osmotic dehydrated green chili powder samples (Variety MI 2) were investigated. To investigate the consumer preference, a sensory evaluation was done. Low moisture (4.00%), higher total antioxidants concentration (4.26 ×10ˉ4 kg Lˉ¹), ascorbic acid concentration (9.04 × 10ˉ4 kg Lˉ¹), rehydration time (8.25 s) and low total plate count were observed in osmotic dehydrated green chili powder when compared with the non-osmotic samples. Best green color with high chlorophyll a (2.39 × 10ˉ6 kg Lˉ¹), b (4.50 × 10ˉ6 kg Lˉ¹) and total chlorophyll (6.88 × 10ˉ6 kg Lˉ¹), high water solubility index (3.94%), total phenolic content (1.52 × 10ˉ4 kg kgˉ¹) and low yeast and mold count were exhibited in non-osmotic dehydrated green chili powder samples. There was significant difference between osmotic and non-osmotic samples of all above parameters except the ascorbic acid content. In the sensory evaluation, non-osmotic samples obtained the higher ranks for color, taste, aroma, texture and mouth feel. The osmotic dehydrated product obtained the highest score for overall acceptability. However, the osmotic dehydration technique is the most favorable for commercial level green chili powder production due to their good physicochemical and nutritional characteristics. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject Food Science en_US
dc.subject Food Technology en_US
dc.title Effect of Osmotic Dehydration on Quality of Green Chili Powder en_US
dc.title.alternative International Research Conference 2019 en_US
dc.type Other en_US

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