Chemical Removal of Fluoride from Drinking Water Using Gypsum

Show simple item record Kumari, K.E.D.K.W. 2019-05-05T07:45:17Z 2019-05-05T07:45:17Z 2012
dc.identifier.other UWU/MRT/08/0017
dc.description.abstract An excess amounts of fluoride in drinking water cause detrimental health effects such as dental and skeletal flurosis. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the maximum acceptable concentration of fluoride in drinking water is 1.5 mg/L. According to Sri Lanka Standard desirable and permissible levels of fluoride are 0.6 mg/L and 1.5 mg/L respectively. In tropical countries like Sri Lanka, the lowering of the fluoride regulatory limits in drinking water is required due to high consumption of water by the people living in these regions. Therefore excess fluoride in drinking water must be removed to the permissible level. There are several techniques available to remove excess fluoride from drinking water based on adsorption, precipitation, ion exchange, membrane separation. Most of these methods are highly specialized and cost intensive in that they cannot be implemented successfully at community level. In this research fluoride removal ability was investigated using gypsum based on precipitate common ion effects. Gypsum was separated in to different particle sizes (mesh sizes: 500, 250 1.1m, 125 63 i.n). The definite (10 ppm) fluoride solutions were prepared and study the fluoride removal ability of the gypsum under different particle size, pH levels and variation of the dose. The residual fluoride concentration is decreased with the particle size of the gypsum and the maximum fluoride removal is obtained the gypsum particles which have diameter below 63 gm. The pH for maximum removal of fluoride was around 8. The residual fluoride concentration in solution decreased with the addition of gypsum. When gypsum content is in excess, the residual fluoride concentration has decreased showing an optimal value at 2.50 g gypsum. Gypsum can be used to mitigate fluoride in drinking water. The particle size effect on fluoride removal efficiency was accounted for to increase in specific surface area. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject Mineral Resources And Technology Degree Programme en_US
dc.title Chemical Removal of Fluoride from Drinking Water Using Gypsum en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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