Disinfection & Coagulation Abilities of the Natural Plant Materials for Water Treatment

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dc.contributor.author Lakshanuka, K.G.S.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-05T04:57:35Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-05T04:57:35Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.other UWU/MRT/12/0014
dc.identifier.uri http://erepo.lib.uwu.ac.lk/bitstream/handle/123456789/364/UWU%20MRT%2012%20O014-13032019115456.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
dc.description.abstract In certain instances chemical compounds are used in water purification plants as disinfectants and coagulants which would cause adverse environmental and health issues. Present study aimed by finding a suitable plant materials as disinfectants and coagulants for both water and wastewater treatment. In disinfection test, leaves of Carica papya, Azadirachta indica, Teminalia arjuna and bark of T. arjuna were used. Plant powder (20 g) of each species was mixed in 70% ethanol (100 mL) separately and 2.5 mL of mixture was used to treat Eesherichia coli suspension. In control, E. coli suspension was treated by 2.5 mL of 70% ethanol. Treated suspensions were incubated (100 rpm, 15 hours), re-cultured in a Nutrient Agar, incubated for 24 hours and number of colonies were counted. In coagulation test, seed powder of Zea mays, Moringa oleifera, C. papaya and Cicer arietinum mixed in water (0.5 g, 1.0 g, and 1.5 g/100 mL) separately and added to 500 mL of raw water and jar test was performed. Turbidity, pH and conductivity were measured in treated water. Complete Randomized Design was followed in both experiments with three replicates. Data were analyzed by ANOVA. According to the results of disinfection test, all treatments showed the reduction of E.coli colony count in comparison to control. C. papaya showed the least colony count. Turbidity and pH of coagulated samples were significantly different (p < 0.05) among treatments. The least turbidity was observed under M oleifera. Zea mays, M. oleifera and C. arietinum maintained the pH of treated water around 7. Carica papaya maintained the basic water pH. Least conductivity was given by C. papaya but not significant (p > 0.05). Effective concentration for turbidity and conductivity maintenance was 0.5 g /100 inL whereas pH was maintained with 1.5g/100 mL concentration. In conclusion, according to the results obtained from the study, the most effective disinfectant and coagulant was powder of C. papaya leaves and M oleifera seeds respectively. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject Mineral Resources And Technology Degree Programme en_US
dc.title Disinfection & Coagulation Abilities of the Natural Plant Materials for Water Treatment en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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