Effect of Catchment Characteristic on Formation of Trihalomethane along the Kelani River in Sri Lanka.

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dc.contributor.author Bandara, H.R.L.C.
dc.contributor.author Weerasekara, W.B.M.L.I.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-04-09T10:43:06Z
dc.date.available 2019-04-09T10:43:06Z
dc.date.issued 2019-02
dc.identifier.isbn 9789550481255
dc.identifier.uri http://erepo.lib.uwu.ac.lk/bitstream/handle/123456789/232/195.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
dc.description.abstract Kelani River is the fourth longest river in Sri Lanka which starts its journey from the Sri Pada Mountain range and meet the ocean at Colombo. In upper catchment area there are plenty of tea and rubber plantation land and in down catchment there are huge number of industrial zones. Therefore, it carries more Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC), inorganic and suspended solids. In drinking Water Treatment Plants (WTPs), can be removed mainly Total solid. As a result of remaining DOC in filtered water Disinfection by Products (DBPs) such as Trihalomethane (THM) formed after the chlorination. THM is carcinogenic. Present study aimed to investigate the effects of catchment characteristic on THM formation along the Kelani river. Water samples were collected from the WTPs located at Seethagangula, Hatton, Maskeliya, Morontota, Ruwanwella, Yatiyantota, Pugoda, Biyagama and Ambatale. Four THM species, Trichloromethane, Bromodichloromethane, Dibromochlomethane and Tribromomethane were measured using Gas Chromatography (GC) system and finally Total THM (TTHM) were calculated. The lowest TTHM concentration was reported in Maskeliya (9.34 µg L-1) WTP. Catchment area is mostly covered with tea plantation in Maskeliya area. The TTHM concentration at Morontota and Ruwanwella WTPs were 42.96 ±7.00 µg L-1and 65.70 ± 16.12 µg L-1, respectively. The main catchment characteristic of these area is rubber plantation. However, highest TTHM value of 67.19 ± 4.50 µg L-1was reported in Biyagama WTP which is located in highly industrialized area. Even though both Ambatale and Biyagama WTPs are located very close, TTHM value of the Ambatale (21.33 ± 2.41) µg L-1WTP is significantly lower than Biyagama. However, all the recorded TTHM values were below the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) maximum contamination level of 80 µg L-1. Finally, it can be concluded that THM formation is lower in tea plantation area and high in industrialized area. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject Environmental Science en_US
dc.subject Environmental Engineering en_US
dc.subject Geochemistry en_US
dc.subject Ecology en_US
dc.title Effect of Catchment Characteristic on Formation of Trihalomethane along the Kelani River in Sri Lanka. en_US
dc.title.alternative International Research Conference 2019 en_US
dc.type Other en_US

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